About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

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The Philippines is a place in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the greatest populations in the environment. The place is an archipelago of a substantial group of islands surrounded by crystal apparent h2o and stunning and special coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the greatest is Luzon, at a hundred and five sq. kilometres and just in excess of fifty % of the islands in the place have names, and only 350 islands are bigger than 2 and a half kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain variety can be uncovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the major of the mountain reaches in excess of 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be uncovered on the second greatest island in the place Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like several other mountains in the place Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the site of the capital of Manila the greatest and most vital Philippine town. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of many years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of shipping and delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center component of the Philippine islands. The greatest islands in the Visayas include things like Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the place and the second greatest island in the Philippines the island steps ninety four,seven hundred sq. kilometres.

Sheraton Cebu Mactan Residences, Punta Engano, Lapu Lapy City, Mactan, Cebu, Philippines. 6015

The islands

The Philippine islands were being shaped by volcanoes and are component of a mountain chain that is largely underneath h2o. The inside of most of the islands have several rugged mountains with dense rain forest and for the reason that of the regular rain drop there are several rivers streams and waterfalls that continuously surge down the mountain sides. Simply because of the dense mountain rainforest and regular rain drop the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries inside the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls superb caves and rock formations. Regrettably a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing right before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 in excess of 90 % of the Philippine islands were being lined in rain forest. To date the place has lost shut to a single-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been utilized and lower down for its timber and to apparent land for farms and homes.

The coastline

With in excess of 7000 islands the place has a coastline line far more than 36,three hundred kilometres in duration. The beach locations and coastline varies throughout the place are quite sandy in spots this sort of as Boracay which is well-known for its stunning picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical crops and palm trees rising on these superb beach locations. On some island coastline traces are quite rocky in put and in some spots you will uncover gray white sand beach locations and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos rely on refreshing h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and own day-to-day dwelling prerequisites this sort of as consuming and washing. Pasig River is a single of the greatest rivers in the place and flows via the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows via the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Simply because the place is sitting on the pacific ring of hearth usually means the Philippines have a large amount of lively Volcanoes. 1 of the most well-known volcanic eruptions come about in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for several hundreds of many years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted far more than 1000 persons killed or wounded and still left thousands of persons homeless. The explosion created a large ash cloud that lined far more than 125 thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the place in ash rock and darkness. 1 of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also identified as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight periods in the previous 400 many years. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the 12 months 2003. The Mayo volcano is a beautifully formed cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Final big eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed three cities and lined one more two with volcanic ash and warm larva about 1600 persons died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine Men and women

For thousands of many years several different kinds persons and nations have been component of the Philippines the final result is a place and persons with a special blend of several cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the place was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by website visitors from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the 1st European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men were being killed through the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain proven a everlasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family members faith and training are quite vital in Filipino society.

Climate dwelling in the town or the place or on an isolated island relatives, faith and training are quite very valued by practically every single a single Filipinos have several positive values this sort of as respect for authority and a substantial regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos hold powerful spiritual beliefs they routinely just take component in spiritual ceremonies celebrate holy times with substantial festivals. The Spanish the place quite effective in changing the Filipino to Christianity creating the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up eighty five% of the populace, 5 % of the populace are Sunni Muslim’s the greatest no Christian group in the place. Most early Filipinos were being animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits identified as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Several Filipinos consider in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an vital component in the each day daily life of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mom Mary and other holy persons called saints several Filipinos adorn their homes trics jeepneys boats colleges of pictures of Christ and mom Mary.

Nearby islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines these days there are several million Filipinos that stick to the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos observe Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the largest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino relatives

The Filipino relatives the primary models of the Philippine social organization which contains the father the mom and youngsters the bilateral extended relatives which incorporates all kinfolk of the Father and Mother. Of exclusive significance the bond and unity shaped by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their relatives as a source of strength and protection. It is not unusual for unmarried daughters and sons to stay at property with their mothers and fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The relatives are quite shut and if somebody desires support other individuals chip in and do what they can to support the relatives member in have to have. The father-partner is the head of the relatives and is normally unconditionally obeyed by his wife and youngsters. The father function and obligation is to meet the fiscal desires of the relatives. The Filipino father is the main source of willpower in the relatives and at times uses corporal punishment on both sons and daughters despite the fact that corporal punishment utilized on youngsters in the Philippines is now bit by bit having utilized a lot less and a lot less because of to the Philippine society educating and implementing new values on elevating youngsters. The youngsters a large amount of Filipino mothers pamper their youngsters these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the youngsters they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and expectations are kept down below the kid’s prospective this treatment and affection lavished upon the youngsters makes a experience of belonging and protection. As a final result the youngsters will always add to parent’s fiscal aid and emotional aid and protection. The traditional Filipino wife and mom just take treatment of all the information to be certain the relatives features as a dwelling and loving organised relatives unit. The mom is in cost of the property and all the information pertaining to the youngsters this sort of as cooking the relatives meal looking at the youngsters are clothed and prepared for faculty the shelling out of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other family costs. Bizarre as it may seem women of all ages share equal put with gentleman in Philippine society lady participation in experienced get the job done and politics is entirely approved this equality can be traced again to historical Malayan tradition.


Education Filipino youngsters go to 6 many years of elementary faculty and 4 many years of substantial faculty. Lessons are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys main official languages. Far more than 90% of all elementary go to governing administration colleges. From June right up until March Filipino youngsters spend their times at faculty lessons begin around 8 in the morning in the towns like Manila and at times around 7 am in the rural places right before lessons begin the youngsters salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a quite substantial literacy amount which most persons in the place can browse and write regretably because of to the substantial unemployment amount and the minimum salary compensated to lower course staff this sort of as farmers and labours some youngsters have to fall out of faculty to get the job done and support to aid their households and some youngsters go to colleges that do not have ample faculty supplies and products this sort of as textbooks desks and chairs and computer systems.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 different big dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass training of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino daily life. English was introduced so different persons dwelling in different elements of the Philippines could understand a single one more. The American declared English the place official language through the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine governing administration made a decision to substitute English with a language called Filipino also identified as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language particularly throughout some of the big towns. These days Filipino and English are the place official languages. In different elements of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can converse any place up to 4 languages and some periods far more particularly the persons who have traveled and lived in different elements of the place. For illustration theses Filipinos can converse the language from the place they grew up in and lived in as a boy or girl they also can converse English and Tagalog and at times one more language that is native to the place they stay as an adult or learnt as a boy or girl. For illustration English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a solitary Filipino can converse.

The persons traditional dwelling

50 % of the Philippine populace stay in the place in close proximity to mountains forest on little islands or on the plains there are several kinds of traditional homes Bahay kubo is a traditional rural property some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are built from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and exhausted down to timber or bamboo to type the roof. Other persons in the place aspect stay in picket property and other low cost timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The far more rich place Filipino stay in a larger sized extravagant modern property and houses are built from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Small Island and place places the property has a single main space with a number of items of home furniture and mats on the flooring the place the relatives sleeps.The kitchen is normally in one more space with a wooden burning stove and at times a little gas stove dependent on how isolated the relatives is from the closest city. In the larger sized place cities several of the native houses have electricity and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in little villages despite the fact that now far more and far more Small Islands and villages are acquiring electricity but there is however a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that stay in an place that does not have electricity or indoor plumbing assemble h2o from a neighborhood very well and burn off kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The 1st persons who migrated to the Philippine islands utilized barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the finest usually means of transportation of fantastic and products from island to one more persons also rely on these ships as ferries for the reason that the price tag of a aircraft ticket are quite pricey for the very low money households. Banca a slender picket boat with an out boat motor attached to the again. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from both sides of the boats that functionality like platoons protecting against the boat from tipping in excess of or capsizing. Early Filipinos utilized these little boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The larger sized banca boats are mainly utilized as persons ferries and substantial business fishing boats.The smaller sized banca boats are utilized for smaller sized journeys in calmer h2o. A traditional type of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a aspect cart this type of transportation are however well-liked in some place cities and provinces particularly on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the street evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a little bus built from jeeps still left guiding by the US army. The jeeps the place transformed in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-colored lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney smaller sized brother the stainless steel jeep was built and produced for sensible explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the surroundings was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and produced the 1st jeep the jeep necessitates a lot less upkeep for the reason that it is complicated and does not rust. The jeep is an ideal Philippine auto for the reason that they are tailored to the special Philippine local climate particularly from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable climate.